Wushu, also known as modern wushu or contemporary wushu, can be classed as an exhibition and a full-contact sport. 

Modern wushu is composed of two disciplines: taolu and sanda. Taolu is a combination of gymnastics and martial arts. 

Competitors are judged and given points on their movements which include stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws .


Taolu is made up of various martial art patterns and maneuvers from which the competitors are jugged and awarded points according to specific rules. These forms comprise of basic movements (stance, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps, throw) based on aggregate categories of traditional Chinese martial art style and can be changed for various competitions to highlight one's strength. Competitive forms have time limits that could range from 1 minute to 20 seconds for some external styles and could range over 5 minutes for internal styles.


Sanda, also known as Chinese boxing or Chinese kickboxing, is the official Chinese full contact combat sport. Sanda is a fighting system which was originally developed by the Chinese military based upon the study and practices of traditional Kung fu and modern combat fighting techniques; it combines full-contact kickboxing, which includes close range and rapid successive punches and kicks, with wrestling, takedowns, throws, sweeps, kick catches, and in some competitions, even elbow and knee strikes.